Even while he was still alive, Mendelssohn became one of the most performed composers of the era. The son of a Jewish family, he maintained a deep affection for Leipzig, where he lived from 1835 until his death. He was also kapellmeister of the Gewandhaus Orchestra.
In 1843 Mendelssohn founded the first German conservatory in Leipzig. Today, the city's University of Music bears his name. He rejuvenated the concert scene during his time as kapellmeister of the Gewandhaus Orchestra. Above all, it is thanks to him that the works of Johann Sebastian Bach (who spent 27 years working in Leipzig) were performed again, having fallen into obscurity for almost 100 years.
Mendelssohn's apartment at Goldschmidtstrasse 12 is home to the world's only Mendelssohn museum. The composer lived here until his death in 1847. His study and the parlour where he entertained Wagner, Schumann and Berlioz have been faithfully restored and contain many precious exhibits. As during Mendelssohn's time, matinee concerts are still held in the restored music room at 11am every Sunday (reservations recommended). A new floor of the museum has been created at ground level in the Mendelssohn House that contains interactive exhibits about the composer himself and his life and works. The Effektorium gives visitors a sense of what it is like to conduct an orchestra.